Meteor Activity Outlook for August 11-17, 2018

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Meteor near San Diego, CA – © slworking2, August 13th, 2017
Canon EOS 6D, 15mm, ƒ/2.8, 15s, ISO3200)

During this period the moon will reach its new phase on Saturday August 11th. At that time the moon will lie near the sun in the sky and will be invisible at night. As the week progresses the waxing crescent moon will enter the evening sky but will not cause much interference for meteor observers, especially during the more active morning hours. The estimated total hourly meteor rates for evening observers this week is near 7 as seen from mid-northern latitudes and also 5 for those viewing from subtropical southern latitudes (25S). For morning observers the estimated total hourly rates should be near 60 for those viewing from mid-northern latitudes and also 30 for those viewing from subtropical southern latitudes (25S). The actual rates will also depend on factors such as personal light and motion perception, local weather conditions, alertness and experience in watching meteor activity. Note that the hourly rates listed below are estimates as viewed from dark sky sites away from urban light sources. Observers viewing from urban areas will see less activity as only the brighter meteors will be visible from such locations.

The radiant (the area of the sky where meteors appear to shoot from) positions and rates listed below are exact for Saturday night/Sunday morning August 11/12. These positions do not change greatly day to day so the listed coordinates may be used during this entire period. Most star atlases (available at science stores and planetariums) will provide maps with grid lines of the celestial coordinates so that you may find out exactly where these positions are located in the sky. A planisphere or computer planetarium program is also useful in showing the sky at any time of night on any date of the year. Activity from each radiant is best seen when it is positioned highest in the sky, either due north or south along the meridian, depending on your latitude. It must be remembered that meteor activity is rarely seen at the radiant position. Rather they shoot outwards from the radiant so it is best to center your field of view so that the radiant lies near the edge and not the center. Viewing there will allow you to easily trace the path of each meteor back to the radiant (if it is a shower member) or in another direction if it is a sporadic. Meteor activity is not seen from radiants that are located far below the horizon. The positions below are listed in a west to east manner in order of right ascension (celestial longitude). The positions listed first are located further west therefore are accessible earlier in the night while those listed further down the list rise later in the night.

Radiant Positions at 22:00 LDT

Radiant Positions at 22:00
Local Daylight Saving Time

Radiant Positions at 01:00 LDT

Radiant Positions at 0100
Local Daylight Saving Time

Radiant Positions at 4:00 LDT

Radiant Positions at 04:00
Local Daylight Saving Time

These sources of meteoric activity are expected to be active this week.

The August Draconids (AUD) were discovered by Zdenek Sekanina in his study of meteor streams using radio methods. This stream is active from August 13-19 with maximum activity occurring on the 16th. The radiant is currently located at 18:04 (271) +59, which places it in southern Draco, 8 degrees north of the 2nd magnitude star known as Eltanin (gamma Draconis). This radiant is best placed near 2200 (10pm) local daylight saving time (LDT), when it lies on the meridian and is located highest in the sky. With an entry velocity of 21 km/sec., the average August Draconid meteor would be of slow velocity. Rates this week are expected to be less than 1 per hour no matter your location

The kappa Cygnids (KCG) should be active from a radiant located near 18:59 (285) +50. This area of the sky lies in southern Draco, 4 degrees southwest of the 4th magnitude star known as kappa Cygni. This radiant is best placed near 2300 (11pm) LDT, when it lies on the meridian and is located highest in the sky. Rates should be near 1 per hour as seen from mid-northern latitudes. Unfortunately these meteors are not well seen from the southern hemisphere due to their low radiant altitude. With an entry velocity of 21 km/sec., the average meteor from this source would be of slow velocity.

The center of the large Anthelion (ANT) radiant is currently located at 22:08 (332) -12. This position lies in western Aquarius, 2 degrees north of the 4th magnitude star known as iota Aquarii. Due to the large size of this radiant, Anthelion activity may also appear from eastern Capricornus as well as Aquarius. This radiant is best placed near 0200 LDT, when it lies on the meridian and is located highest in the sky. Hourly rates at this time should be near 2 as seen from mid-northern latitudes and 3 as seen from tropical southern latitudes. With an entry velocity of 30 km/sec., the average Anthelion meteor would be of medium-slow velocity.

The Northern delta Aquariids (NDA) are active from July 23 through August 27. The radiant is currently located at 23:04 (346) +02. This position is located in western Pisces, 3 degrees west of the 4th magnitude star known as gamma Piscium. Maximum activity is on August 14, so hourly rates should be near 1 per hour no matter your location. The radiant is best placed near 0300 LDT, when it lies highest in the sky. With an entry velocity of 38 km/sec., these meteors would be of medium velocities. This shower seems to be a continuation of the Northern June Aquilids, which had been active since early June.

The Southern Delta Aquariids (SDA) are active from a radiant located at 23:30 (353) -12. This position is located in eastern Aquarius directly between the faint stars known as psi and omega Aquarii. Hourly rates are now only 1 per hour as seen from the  northern hemisphere and 2 per hour for those south of the equator. The radiant is best placed near 0400 LDT, when it lies highest in the sky. With an entry velocity of 41 km/sec., most activity from this radiant would be of average velocities.

The Piscids Austrinids (PAU) are an obscure shower, not well seen from the northern hemisphere. Recent studies by the IMO Video Network shows no activity at all. Other studies have indicated that this shower is active later than previously thought. We will go along with that idea until more information is available. It is now thought that this radiant is active from July 30 through August 18, with maximum activity occurring on the 8th. Using these parameters, the current position of the radiant would be 23:44 (356) -19. This area of the sky is located in southern Aquarius, near the faint stars known as 106 and 107 Aquarii. The radiant is best placed near 0400 LDT, when it lies highest in the sky. Current rates would most likely be less than 1 per hour, no matter your location. With an entry velocity of 44km/sec., most activity from this radiant would be of average velocities.

The beta Hydrusids (HDY) are only known through an outburst reported on August 17, 1985. Activity from this stream is seen from August 15-19 with maximum activity occurring on the 17th. At maximum the radiant lies at 02:25 (036) -75, which places it in southern Hydrus between the bright stars known as beta and gamma Hydri. Due to the far southern location, these meteors are not visible from the northern hemisphere. For southern observers, this area of the sky is best seen during the last dark hour before dawn when the radiant lies highest in a dark sky. Current rates are expected to be less than 1 per hour during this period no matter your location. With an entry velocity of 23 km/sec., the average meteor from this source would be of slow velocity.

The eta Eridanids (ERI) were discovered by Japanese observers back in 2001. Activity from this stream is seen from July 23 though September 17 with maximum activity occurring on August 11. The radiant currently lies at 03:00 (045) -12, which places it in western Eridanus, 2 degrees southeast of the 4th magnitude star known as Azha (eta Eridani). This area of the sky is best seen during the last dark hour before dawn when the radiant lies highest in a dark sky. Current rates are expected to near 1 per hour as seen from the northern hemisphere and near 2 per hour as seen from south of the equator. With an entry velocity of 65 km/sec., the average meteor from this source would be of swift velocity.

The Perseids (PER) reach maximum activity on August 12/13 from a radiant located at 03:12 (048) +57. This position lies in northern Perseus, 3 degrees northeast of the 3rd magnitude star known as gamma Persei. This area of the sky is best placed for viewing during the last dark hour before dawn when it lies highest in the sky. Rates from dark sky sites are expected to be near 60 per hour as seen from the northern hemisphere and 20 as seen from south of the equator. Unfortunately these meteors are not well seen from the southern hemisphere as the numbers decrease to zero from mid-southern latitudes (S45). With an entry velocity of 59 km/sec., the average meteor from this source would be of swift velocity.

As seen from the mid-northern hemisphere (45N) one would expect to see approximately 14 sporadic meteors per hour during the last hour before dawn as seen from rural observing sites. Evening rates would be near 4 per hour. As seen from the tropical southern latitudes (25S), morning rates would be near 10 per hour as seen from rural observing sites and 3 per hour during the evening hours. Locations between these two extremes would see activity between the listed figures.

The list below offers the information from above in tabular form. Rates and positions are exact for Saturday night/Sunday morning except where noted in the shower descriptions.

SHOWER DATE OF MAXIMUM ACTIVITY CELESTIAL POSITION ENTRY VELOCITY CULMINATION HOURLY RATE CLASS
RA (RA in Deg.) DEC Km/Sec Local Daylight Saving Time North-South
August Draconids (AUD) Aug 16 18:04 (271) +59 21 22:00 <1 – <1 II
kappa Cygnids (KCG) Aug 13 18:59 (285) +50 21 23:00 1 – <1 II
Anthelions (ANT) 22:08 (332) -12 30 02:00 2 – 3 III
Northern delta Aquariids (NDA) Aug 14 23:04 (346) +02 38 03:00 1 – 1 IV
Southern delta Aquariids (SDA) Jul 30 23:30 (353) -12 41 04:00 1 – 2 I
Piscids Austrinids (PAU) Aug 08 23:44 (356) -19 44 04:00 <1 – <1 IV
beta Hydrusids (HDY) Aug 17 02:25 (036) -75 23 06:00 0 – <1 III
eta Eridanids (ERI) Aug 11 03:00 (045) -12 65 07:00 1 – 2 IV
Perseids (PER) Aug 13 03:12 (048) +57 59 07:00 40 – 15 I

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2 comments

  • Kathy 3 months ago

    Unfortunately your article doesn’t help me know when and where to look. Try to do this annually, but can be a challenge getting decipherable information. I am in soth-central Kentucky, about 40 miles from the TN State line. Missed last night so hoping to see some activity tonight. Weather is forecast to be clear.

    Reply to Kathy
  • George W Gliba 3 months ago

    It looks like the Perseid peak occurred a bit later than predicted on the 13th. I was observing
    last evening before midnight from 9:50 to 10:50 PM (01:50 to 02:50 UT Aug. 14th) and saw
    several beautiful grazers. I was out earlier than planned because it was clear and I was hoping
    to see a couple of Earth Grazers. Well, to my surprise there were several nice ones. Also, the
    rates seemed higher than expected. Unfortunately the clouds were a nuisance, but at least it
    stayed mostly clear until about 11:20 PM when it became very cloudy.

    Reply to George

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